Health Peculiarities Of The Employees In Interventional Medical Care
Keywords:Interventional Workers, Factors of the Work Environment, Allergic Health Effects
According to the prognosis of WHO experts, ischemic heart diseases as well as cerebrovascular diseases in the world will occupy a prominent place among the ten leading causes of disease burden by 2030, which will further increase the number of people involved in the management of these pathologies as well as the number of employees in this field. Among the modern methods of the treatment of cardiovascular pathologies, interventional cardio therapy has achieved significant advancement in recent years. The purpose of the study was to determine the characteristics of health disorders of medical personnel employed in specialized procedures (coronary interventional cardiology). The objects of the research were: medical personnel working in coronary interventional cardiology and workers of cardiac catheterization laboratories of medical centers. The criteria for the inclusion of clinics in the study were: the presence of an interventional cardiology department, the smooth operation of the mentioned department during the last 3 years and involvement in the General Healthcare Programme with the emergency inpatient service. 56 employees of the catheterization laboratory were interviewed with the questionnaire prepared by us. Among them, 21 were interventional medical workers (all males), 11 were interventional assistants (all males), and 24 were catheterization laboratory nurses (9 females and 15 males). Factors of the work environment and work mode affect the health status of the employees. Among the interviewees, there was a high level of evidence of sensitization of the body, which was manifested in an increase in cases of the respiratory system and skin allergies (40% of the men (interventional workers: 58% 37-55-year-old; assistants: 26% 29-34-year-old; nurses: 16% 24-26-year-old age group representatives) and 48% of the women (interventional workers: 0%; assistant 0%; nurse 100% 28-35-year-old age group representatives). An increase in allergic reactions was noted (skin rashes in the form of small petechiae, burning and itching of the eyes, increased skin pigmentation, and allergic rhinitis were detected).